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A small selection of the tools etc. found recently in Burnley, Pendle and Gisburn by members of the PDCAS

BURNLEY, PENDLE AND WEST CRAVEN

ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT

     Local Artefacts and Tools Discovered 2013-2016

            John A Clayton          

           ARTEFACTS PAGE 7

‘Head’ form with quartz inset eyes found at the point where Blacko Water meets with Pendle Water (Barrowford Watermeetings). Millstone grit - October 2015.

 

Very possibly a ritual deposition within the river (Late Bronze Age-Iron Age).

This artefact compares with the almost identical form of ‘head’ found within the enclosed settlement of an Iron Age hillfort in West Craven - this example is sandstone - no eyes but hole in top.

Worked stone in riverbed on same findspot where the ‘Thames Pick’ implement (see artefacts 6) was discovered (Barrowford Watermeetings).

 

Probably washed from the riverbank area where a large number of standing stones mark Neolithic/Bronze Age settlement areas.

 

October 2015

Boulders unearthed during agricultural excavation works at Newsholme. Lithic material (tools) from the excavation strongly suggests that these stones formed part of a Neolithic/Early Bronze Age settlement.

 

The stones were located on the prehistoric natural surface and placed in their current position as a temporary boundary and are not, therefore, in situ.

 

Bronze Age burial mound at Little Painley - a protected English Heritage site.

 

 

Early plans of the ditched mound suggest that the mound was actually a causewayed enclosure - probably Neolithic - adapted to burial within the Early Bronze Age

A recent survey of the Little Painley mound. The dashed red lines indicate a former causeway entrance

1.5m

Very large worked stones recently excavated from a ditch at Ridge Farm, Barrowford. The stones have been worked into a semi-circle. The material is not local gritstone or sandstone.

 

It is possible that the stones formed a type of circular base on the ground or a plynth/dolmen if supported on uprights.

FLAT

FLAT

UPRIGHT?

The stones are located within the area of a Bronze-Iron Age defended settlement now called Utherstone.

 

It has been suggested that they could have formed a table feature (sketch right) similar to King Arthur’s ‘Round Table.’

Fair enough - we have the Uther name (Utherstone) relating directly to a stone feature but we are, perhaps, entering into the realms of pure conjecture here!

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BURNLEY AND PENDLE ARCHAEOLOGY

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Artefacts 6
Artefacts 7

FLAT

FLAT

Large standing stone at Barrowford Watermeetings - exposed by water action in 2010. We inspected the stone and found that it was in situ although not in its original upright position. Rapid excavation was necessary to record the feature before the next heavy rainfall. Clearance of the gravel from around the stone revealed a small stone cairn set into an excavated recess in the solid sandstone forming the riverbed.

 

A small stone hand blade was discovered within the cairn along with three fragments of bone. Unfortunately, river action had deposited a number of modern pottery sherds and detritus within the gaps between the cairn stones and it is possible that the bone is of animal origin - expense precludes laboratory testing of this material.  

CAIRN

A very large flat stone was also set within the river bank 2 metres upstream of the standing stone - this was not excavated but had the appearance of a Neolithic burial cist cap-stone.

Profile of long mound before river erosion

Stone pick found in stream at Wycoller by J. Cordingley (2015)

 

A wood shaft would have been hafted onto the tool (reproduced in the image).

Hard greenstone head found on a Durham shingle beach by John Thwaite around 1985.

 

When the face is half covered horizontally it is apparent that the two halves represent good and evil. The ‘evil’ side to the right has a quartz crystal insert to represent teeth (part of this is missing).

 

The feline aspect and high cheek bones of the object strongly suggest an African origin. It is possible that the object belonged to someone in the Viking period or was lost by a sailor who acquired it during a visit to Africa.

 

Possibly had a shamanic use originally?    

10cm

9cm

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Artefacts 8